In The Name Of Allah,The Most Compassionate, The Merciful
O Allah! Send your blessings to the head of your Messengers and the Last of your Prophets Muhammad ( saw ),and his pure and cleansed progeny.
The Glorious Quran Chapter 2 Verse 207
And among men there is one who selleth his self ( soul ) seeking the pleasure of God; and verily, God is affectionate unto His (faithful) servants.
It is held unanimious by the Scholars of the two Islamic schools, that this verse was revaled for Imam Ali ( as ), when he readily slept in the bed of the Prophet ( pbuh&f ) , when the latter to the will of God had to migrate from Mecca to Medina. The one who would agree to offer himself instead of the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f ) who was wanted by the enemy must essentially have
- The safety of the Prophet ( pbuh&f ) prefered to his own safety
- Implicit faith in the duty of a man to earn the pleasure of the Almighty Allah and His Prophet Muhammad ( pbuh&f ), at any cost, even at the cost of his own life
- The courage of surrendering himself willingly with the utmost peace of mind, to sleep under the swords, ready to fall upon him
- The confidence and faith in God's protection
And on the night of Hijrah, Allah the glorious revealed to Jibrail and Mikail I have eshtablished brotherhood between you two and have ordained the life of one longer than the life of the other. Now, are you willing to make a present of the extra length of life to the other?
But each prefered the longer life for himself. Then Allah revealed
Why not follow the example of Ali ibn Abu Talib. I have established brotherhood between him and Muhammad (pbuh&f). He is now sleeping on the bed of Muhammad in order to save his life by sacrificing his own. Now descend both of you to the earth and protect him from his enemies.
Both the angels descended. Jibrail took up his position near Ali's head and Mikail near his feet. Jibrail was crying out aloud Excellent. Excellent. O son of Abu Talib! There is none like you. Allah is making boast of you before the angels.
And it was on this very occasion that the above verse was revealed.
- Tafsir al Kabir, by Fakhr ad Din al Razi, v 2 p 189 ( for the above narrt )
- Hakim al Mustadrak, v 3 p 4
- Ghayatul Maryam, p 344 -> 345
- Tafseer e Qurtubi, v 3 p 347
- Asadul Ghaiba fe Marifatil As Sahaba, v 4 p 25
- Tafseer Nishapoori ( Allama Nishapori ) , v 1 p 281
- Kifyatul Talib, p 114
- Zhakhiar al Uqba, p 88
- Noor ul Absar, p 86
Imam Ali ( as ) composed about this incident ( poetry )
I staked my life for the man who was the best of all those
who circumbulated the Ancient House and the Sacred Stone !
Glorious Quran Chapter II - Verse 269
He granteth wisdom to whomsoever He willeth, and he who have been granted wisdom hath been given abundant good; and none shall mind it save those endowed with wisdom.
In the above verse the word "Wisdom" implies the best knowledge seeking to act with fullness and soundness of one's own conscience. True knowledge is spiritual illumination or divine guidance worked through the grace of God as and when the necessity occurs. This being the active result of the constant seeking for it by those who obtained nearness to the Allmighty!
It is held by many Sunni scholars, that this verse was revealed for Imam Ali ( as ). It is not surprising that, such a unique gift ( of being granted wisdom ) is inspiration (Ilhaam) which is conferred upon the purified ones.
- Shawahid al Tanzeel ( Allama Haskani ), v 1 p 106
- al Bidahiya wan Nihayiah, v 7 p 359 with a tradition from the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f )
Wisdom has been divided into 10 ( ten ) parts, and 9 (nine) of these are possessed by Ali,
and the remaining has been divided among the rest of the people.
- Kanz al Ummal, v 6 p 154
- Asadul Bilagha, v 4 p 22 and v 1 p 22
- Kitabul Sagheer, p 15
- Manaqib Khawarizmi, p 49
- Dhakhair al Uqba, p 78
- Musnad of Ahmed Hanbal, v 1 pages 140 and 185
- Maqtal Hussain, v 1 p 43
Glorious Quran Chapter 3 Verse 61
And unto him who disputeth with thee therein after the knowledge hath come unto thee, Say! ( O' Our Apostle Muhammad!) (Unto them) come ye, let us summon our sons, and (ye summon) your sons, and (we summon) our women and (ye) your women, and (we summon) ourselves and then let us invoke the curse of God on the liars!
This verse refers to the famous event of ' Mubahila ' which took place in the year 10 A.H against the Christians of Najran. A deputation of 60 Christians of Najran headed by Abdul Masih their chief monkpriest came and discussed with the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f ) the personality of Hazrat Eesa ( as ). The Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f ) told them not to deify Jesus for he was only a mortal created by God, and not God Himself. Then they asked who the father of Jesus was. By this, they thought that since he was born without a father the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f ) would helplessly accept Jesus' father being God himself. In reply to this question was revealed the Verse.
Verily, similitude of Jesus with God is as the similitude of Adam; He created him out of dust then said He unto him BE, and he became.
When the Christians did not agree to this line of reasoning, then this verse was revealed enjoining upon the Prophet (pbuh&f ) to call the Christians to Mubahila. To this the Christians agreed and they wanted to return to their place and would have the Mubahila the next day.
Early next morning the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f ) sent Salman al Farsi ( May Allah be well pleased with him ) to the open place, fixed outside the city for the historic event, to erect a small shelter for himself and those he intended to take along with him for the contest. On the opposite side appeared the Christian priests, while at the appointed hour the Christians witnessed the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f ) entering the field with Imam Hussain ( as ) in his lap, Imam Hasan ( as ) holding his finger, and walking beside him, Lady Fatima ( as ) and followed by Imam Ali al Murtaza ( as ). The Prophet ( as ) on reaching the appointed spot stationed himself with his daughter, her two sons and her husband, raising his hands towards the heaven said:
Lord these are the People of my House
The Chief Monk on knowing that the baby in the lap of the Prophet (pbuh&f) was his young grandson, Imam Hussain (as), the child walking holding the Prophet's ( pbuh&f ) hand was his first grandson, Imam Hasan ( as ), the Lady behind him was daughter, his only surviving issue was Fatima ( as ) the mother of the two children and the one who followed the Lady was his son in law, the husband of Fatima ( as ), addressed the huge crowd of the people who had gathered on the spot, and addressed them saying
By God, I see the faces which, if they pray to God for mountains to move from their places, the mountains will immediately move!
O believers in the Jesus of Nazareth, I will tell you the truth that should ye fail to enter into some agreement with Muhammad and if these souls whom Muhammad has brought with him, curse you, ye will be wiped out of existence to the last day of the life of the earth!
The people readily agreed to the advice counseled by their Leader. They beseeched the Holy Prophet ( pbuh&f ) to give up the idea of the agreed Mubahila and requested for themselves to be allowed to continue their faith, offering to pay ' Jizya '.
- Al Tabari, Commentary of the Quran, v 2 p 192 -> 193
This historic event of a unique triumph of Islam is taken by the Shias as a religious thanksgiving festival of the triumph against falsehood. Some of the significance of this event are as follows:
- this event unquestionably establishes the truth about the spiritual purity of the Ahl al Bayt
- it proves beyond any doubt as to who are the members of the house of the Prophet ( pbuh&f )
- the seriousness and the solemnity of the occasion demands absolute purity, spiritual as well as physical in the individuals to serve in the fateful occasion for the Holy Prophet to present them to God as the best one of His creation to be heard in the prayers of Truth!
- Ghayatul Maryam, p 300
- Sahih Muslim, v 4 p 1285 ( English Edition), the tradition is as follows:
...( The third occasion is this ) when the following verse was revealed : Let us summon our children and your children. Allah's messenger (pbuh&f) called Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain and said : O Allah, these are my family ...
Glorious Quran Chapter 3 Verse 103
And hold ye fast by the cord of God All together and be not divided ( among yourselves ) ...
Some Sunni scholars and commentators agree that the above verse reflects on the Ahl al Bayt. Here are some references
- Thalabi records on his Commentary Tafsir al Kabir from Aban ibn Tabligh that he heard Imam Jafer as Sadiq ( as ) say:
We are the Rope of Allah about whom Allah has said: Hold fast to the Rope of Allah ...
- Shafi'i is reported by Abu Bakr ibn Shabah al Din in Rishfaht al Sadi to have said:
When I saw People carried off
Their departure to the sea of error and ignorance
In the name of Allah I boarded the ship of Salvation
That is the Ahl al Bayt of Mustafa, the Seal of Prophecy
And I caught hold of the Rope of Allah, that is their Love
As He commanded us to hold fast to the Rope!
- A tradition from the Holy prophet ( pbuh&f )
I will soon be called away and will have to depart from you, but
I leave among you Two ( 2 ) weighty things, the Book of Allah and
my descendants. The Book of Allah is like a rope which extends from
the heavens to the earth, and my descendants are my people of the
house ( my Ahl al Bayt ). The Subtle and the Aware tells me that
the two ( 2 ) shall never part company until they come to me at the
Pool. So take care how you treat them after me.
As recorded in
- Musnad of Ahmed Hanbal, v 3 p 17
- Musnad of Ahmed Hanbal, v 3 p 26
- Sahih of al Tirmizi, tradition no. 874
- Kanz al Ummal, v 1 p 47, tradition no. 945 ( for the above hadeeth )
- Ghayatul Maryam, p 242
- Yanibul Muwaddah, p 118 -> 119
- Sawaiq al Muhriqah, v 1 chapter 11
- Safinatul Biharij ( Recorded by Allama Qummi from Allama Zamakhsari ) p 193
Direct Link: http://almujtaba.com/articles/ahlulbayt/000555.html
The term "ahl" signifies the members of a household of a man, including his fellow tribesmen, kin, relatives, wife (or wives), children, and all those who share a family background, religion, housing, city, and country with him. "Ahl" and "al" are both the same term with the exception that "al" is exclusively used for human beings and should come before the family name, but such a condition is not existent in the case of "ahl". "Bayt" refers to habitation and dwelling, including tents and buildings both.
The "ahl-al-bayt" of any person refers to his family members and all those who live in his house (c.f. "Mufradat al-Qur'an" by Raghib Isfahani; "Qamus" by Firoozabadi; "Majm`a al-Bahrayn".
The term "ahl-al-bayt" (people of the house) has been repeated twice in the Holy Qur'an:
1. "... the mercy of Allah and his blessing are on you, O people of the house, ... (11:73)" This verse refers to the people of the House of Ibrahim (s) (c.f. "Kashf al-Asrar wa `Uddat al-Abrar", 416/4 and other interpretations).
2. "... Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! And to purify you a (thorough) purifying (33:33)".
This verse, known as the "Tathir verse", refers to the Members of the Household of the Holy Prophet (s). The Imamiyyah scholars of hadith and fiqh, as well as some Sunni `Ulama, consider the "ahl-al-bayt" cited in the "tathir verse" to include exclusively Muhammad(S.A.W.), `Ali(A.S.), Fatimah(A.S.), Hasan(A.S.), and Husayn(A.S.).
They do not consider the Holy Prophet's other offspring, wives, sons of paternal uncles, and dwellers of his house as the Messenger's "ahl-al-bayt". They base their argument on the genuine and authentic traditions narrated by the companions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) recorded in the Sunni and Shi`i sources.
Under the following headings, this article will delve into some of the said traditions and refer to some features of the "ahl-al-bayt" as narrated by the Sunnis:
1. Kisa' tradition;
2. Mubahalah tradition;
3. Mawaddat al-Qurba tradition;
4. Safinah tradition;
5. Other traditions.
1. Kisa' Tradition
A. Jalaluddin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abi Bakr Suyuti (d 911 A.H.) in his commentary "Al-Dur al-Manthur", 198/5-199, Muhammad ibn `Isa Tirmidhi (3 279 A.H.) the author of "Jami' Sahih", Hakim Nishaburi (d 405 A.H.) in "Al-Mustadrak ala al-Sahihayn", Ahmad ibn Husayn Bayhaqi (d 458 A.H.) in "Sunan" (all three of whom have considered the Kisa' tradition as authentic), Muhammad ibn Jarir Tabari (d 315 A.H.), Ibn Munzir Muhammad ibn Ibrahim (d 319 A.H.), Ibn Mardawayh Isfahani, and Ahmad ibn Musa (d 410 A.H.) have quoted Ummu Salamah, the wife of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) as saying that the verse
"... Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! And to purify you a thorough purifying (33:33)"
was revealed in her house. At that time, `Ali(A.S.), Fatimah(A.S.), Hasan(A.S.), and Husayn(A.S.) were in her house.
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) spread his cloak over them and stated:
"These are the members of my Household, and Allah has purified them of all (sins and faults and uncleanness)."
B. Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal, the Hanbali Imam, (d 241 A.H.), in "Musnad" 229/2 quotes Ummu Salamah as saying:
"The Holy Prophet (s) was in my house. Fatimah (`a) came to her father holding a stone bowl filled with "harirah" (type of food made up of flour, milk, and vegetable oil). The Holy Prophet (s) stated: Invite your husband and two sons to come as well." `Ali, Hasan, and Husayn also came there and all sat down to eat "harirah". Then, the Holy Prophet (s) was sitting on a cloak in his resting place and I was reciting the prayer in the chamber. At this time, Almighty Allah revealed the verse "Allah only desires to ...".
The Holy Prophet (s) covered `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan, and Husayn (peace be upon them all) with the cloak and then stretched his hand toward the sky and said: "Allah! These are the Members of my Household, so purify them of all uncleanness'. Ummu Salamah said: "I asked him: "Am I also with you?" He stated: "You are on good and virtue" (but did not say that you are a member of my Household)'."
This tradition has also been narrated by Ahmad ibn Muhammad Tahawi (d 321 A.H.) in "Mushkil al-Athar" 332 and 334; Wahidi in "Asbab al-Nuzul" 268 and Muhib Tabari (d 694 A.H.) in "Zakhair al-`Uqba" 23 have related this tradition. In continuation of this tradition, Tabari has written that the Prophet (s) stated:
"I am a friend of whosoever is friends with them and an enemy of whosoever is an enemy of them."
The said tradition of similar statements have been recorded in "Manaqib" by Ibn Hanbal, 44, the microfilm copy of the reading is available in the Parliament Library. Tabari remarked: "This tradition has been narrated from Umma Salamah by Ibn al-Qubabi in "Mu'jam" and Siyuti in "Al-Dur al-Mnthur" under the title of the "tathir verse", as well as by Ibn Jarir, Ibn Munzir, Ibn Mardawayh, Ibn Abi Hatam and Ibn Tabrani." C- Khatib Baghdadi, Ahmad bin `Ali, (d 463 A.H.) in "The History of Baghdad" 278/10, has quoted Abu Saeed Khidri S`ad bin Malik (d 74 A.H.) as saying that after the revelation of the "tathir verse", the Holy Prophet (s) summoned `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan, and Husayn (peace be upon them all) and covered them with the cloak he had on and said:
"These are the members of my Household, and Allah has purified them (of every wrong and sin)."
The same tradition has been narrated from Ummu Salamah by Muhammad ibn Jarir Tabari in "Jam`a al-Bayan" 7/22.
D- In "Sahih Muslim" (narrated by Sayyid Murtada Firoozabadi in "Fadail al-Khamsah min Sihah al-Sitah" 214/1), Safiyah, the daughter of Shayba, has narrated `Aishah, the wife of the Holy Prophet (s), as saying: "One morning, the Messenger of Allah left the house with a cloak made of black material and bearing the design of a camel's saddle. Hasan ibn `Ali entered the place, and the Prophet (s) covered him with the cloak. Then came Husayn, Fatimah, and `Ali one after another, and all of them were also covered by the cloak.
The Prophet (s) then stated:
"... Allah only desires to keep away uncleanness from you, O people of the House! And to purify you a (thorough) purifying."
This tradition has been narrated by Hakim Nishaburi in "Al-Mustadark" 14/3; Bayhaqi in "Sunan" 149/2; Tabari in the "Jami al-Bayan" Siyuti in "al-Durri al-Manthur" under the title of the "tathir verse". In addition, Ibn Abi Shaybah, Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal, Ibn Abi Hatam have narrated it from `Aishah. Zamakhshari in "Kashshaf" and Fakhr Razi in "Tafsir Kabir" have also related this tradition. It seems that the recorders of traditions are unanimous about the authenticity of this tradition ("Fadail al-Khamsah" 224/1).
E- In the "Jami al-Bayan" Muhammad bin Jarir Tabari has quoted Shahr bin Hushab Ash'air (d 100 A.H.) as saying:
"When Ummu Salamah heard news of the martyrdom of Husayn bin `Ali (`a), she cursed the people of Iraq and said: `May Allah kill the people of Iraq who deceived him and left him alone. May Allah curse them. Verily, I saw Fatimah while bringing a stone bowl of sweet paste for the Holy Prophet (s).
The Holy Prophet (s) stated: `Where is your cousin?' She said: `At home.' The Prophet (s) said: `Go bring him here with his two sons.' Fatimah returned while holding the hands of Hasan and Husayn. `Ali also followed them, and they came to the Holy Prophet (s). The Holy Prophet (s) embraced Hasan and Husayn and made `Ali sit on his right and Fatimah on left. He then the cloak as the carpet on which we slept in Medina and placed it over Fatimah, `Ali, Hasan, and Husayn.
He held the two sides of the cloak with his left hand. He raised his right hand toward the sky addressing Almighty Allah by saying: `O Allah, purify them of any uncleanness . O Allah, these are the members of my Household. Purify and cleanse them of any vice, wrong, and sin,' (He repeated this twice). I asked: `O Messenger! Am I also a member of your Household?' He said: `You come under the cloak.' I also went under the cloak, but only after the Prophet (s) finished his prayer for his cousin, his two sons, and Fatimah (peace be upon them all)."
This tradition has been related by Ahmad bin Muhammad ibn Hanbal in "Musnad" 292/6: Tahwi in "Mushkil al-Athar" 335/1; and Muhib Tabari in "Zakhair al-`Uqba" 22/1. The Kisa' tradition which has been narrated in different forms by the Shias and the Sunnis is very sacred for the entire Imamiyyah, especially the Shia of Iran, the Indian subcontinent, Iraq, and Yemen. It is recited in "rawdah" sessions (mourning ceremony) to have the wishes fulfilled and problems removed. Some narration provide more details on this tradition. Some say that Jibraeel and Mikaeel were also among the disciples of the Kisa' or were present there. A divine revelation was descended on the Holy Prophet (s) to the effect that the world and whatever is in it is indebted to these five pure ones.
2. Mubahalah Tradition
Sixty chiefs and `Ulama of Najran, headed by Sayyid, Aqib, and Usquf (religious personalities) of the region in the 10th year A.H. came to Medina to clarify their religious and political stance vis-a-vis Islam which had spread over the Arab peninsula and to engage in discussions with the Messenger (s) of Allah to realize the essence and truth of Islam. After lengthy discussions which have been presented in details in Ibn Husham's "Sirah" 573/1, no agreement was reached on the position and standing of Jesus. The Christians of Najran believed in the divinity of Jesus and considered him as the son of God. This is while, based on the explicit wording of the Holy Qur'an (3:59), the Messenger (s) of Allah considered him as a prophet and the servant of God. At the end of the discussions, the Prophet (s) suggested that the two sides engage in "mubahalah", in other words, to invoke divine malediction for the lying side.
The following verse was descended in this regard:
"But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our near people and your near people, then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars." (3:61)
The 10th (and some say the 24th) of Dhul-Hijjah was chosen for "mubahalah". The Messenger (s) of Allah ordered that in a field outside Medina a thin black "aba" (men's loose sleeveless cloak open in front) be used as a shade between two trees. The Christian chiefs and dignitaries of Najran stood in orderly ranks on one side of the field, on the other side, the Prophet, together with `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn came from the direction of Medina to the shade. Along this path, the Prophet (s), holding the hand of `Ali (`a), Hasan and Husayn walked in front with Fatimah behind them (c.f. "Majm`a al-Bayan".
Interpretation of the Mubahalah Verse). With such simplicity and grandeur, they reached the shade and stood below the "aba".
The Holy Prophet (s) recited the "tathir verse" and addressed the "ahl-al-bayt" by saying: "I will invoke malediction for them and you say `amin'." Seeing such glory and grandeur, the Najran chiefs lost their self-confidence and felt that they were very puny and could not stand against Prophet Muhammad (s) and his Household. They, therefore, accepted to pay "jaziyyah" and offered to give in to peace. On behalf of the Holy Prophet (s), the commander of the Faithful, `Ali (`a), signed a peace treaty with the Christians.
The Christians were to annually offer twelve thousand exquisite clothes, a thousand mithqal of gold, and some other items to remain Christians under the umbrella of Islam. On the basis of the "mubahalah verse", Sunni interpreters such as Zamakhshari, Baydawi, Imam Fakhr Razi and others regard `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn (peace be upon them all) superior to all other people and argue that Hassan and Husayn are the sons of the Messenger (s) of Allah.
The term "anfusina" in the "mubahalah verse" proves the unity of the heart and soul of Prophet Muhammad and `Ali. The Holy Prophet (s) stated:
"`Ali is of me and I am of `Ali." ("Fadail al-Khamsah" 343/1).
The "mubahalah tradition" has been recounted in different readings of "sirah" and history with various wordings. These include those of Tirmidhi ("Sahih" 166/2) which quotes S`ad ibn Abi Waqqas as follows:
"When the mubahalah verse was recited, the Holy Prophet (s) summoned `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan, and Husayn and said: `O Allah, these are the Members of my Household."
This tradition has been narrated by Hakim Nishaburi in "Al-Mustadrak" 150/3 and Bayhaqi in "Sunan" 63/7. Hakim regards this tradition as authentic.
3. Mawaddat al-Qurba Tradition
Based on the consensus of the exegesists ("Jam`a al-Bayan" Tabari 16/25, 17; "Hilyat al-Awlia" 251/3; "Al-Mustadrak" 172/3; "Usd al-Ghabah" 367/5; "Al-Sawa'iq al-Muharaqah" 101), the following verse has been revealed about the members of the Household of the Holy Prophet (s):
"...Say: I do not ask of you any reward for it but love for my near relatives ..." (42:23)
The term "Al-Qurba" in this verse, based on the traditions narrated from the Holy Prophet (s), embraces only `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan, and Husayn and no one else. The tradition from Ibn `Abbas' has it that when the "mawaddat al-qurba" verse was revealed, the
Prophet (s) was asked:
"O messenger, who are your near relatives who should be loved?"
"`Ali, Fatimah, and their sons."
This tradition has been narrated by Muhib Tabari in "Zakhair al-`Uqba" 25/1; Ibn Hanbal in "Manaqib" 110; Mo'min Shabilenji "Nural-Absar" 101; and Zamakhshari in "Kashshaf" as annotation to the said verse. In the "Tafsir al-Kabir", Fakhr Razi has related the said narration from "Kashshaf" and has said that based on this verse, `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan, and Husayn should be revered and sanctified.
He has also cited lines of verse from the Shafii' Imam, Muhammad bin Idris Shafii' (d 240 A.H.) in this regard. A line of it is as follows:
"If love for the members of the Household of the Holy Prophet is heresy, then the world should stand witness that I am a heretic."
4. Safinah Tradition
The virtues of the "ahl al-bayt" have been amply mentioned in the authenticated and Tawatur traditions narratted by both Shia and Sunni `Ulama. Using different words and phrases, these traditions have asked people to love the "ahl al-bayt" and follow thier teachings. For instance, the Holy Prophet (s) has compared his "ahl al-bayt" to Noah's ark. Whoever loves and follows them will attain salvation and whoever violates their sanctity will drown.
The servant of the Holy Prophet (s), Anas bin Malik (d 93 A.H.), has been related as quoting the Prophet (s) as saying:
"The example of the members of my Household among you is like the example of Noah's ark. Whoever boards it will attain salvation and whoever does not board it will drown."
This tradition has been narrated by Hakim Nishaburi in "Al-Mustadrak" 343/2; Khatib in "Tarikh Baghdad" 91/12; and other great recorders of traditions ("al-Ghadir" 300/2-301). In this regard, Imam Shafii' has said the following:
"When I saw different schools of thought directing people toward the seas of ignorance and deviation, I boarded the ark of salvation in the Name of Allah. This arc is verily crystallized in the "ahl al-bayt" of the Seal of the Prophets, Mustafa (s)."
Among very famous traditions in which the "ahl al-bayt" have been resembled to the ark of salvation, reference can be made to the famous "Ishbah tradition" which has been narrated from the Holy Prophet (s) by Abu Hurayrah `Abdul-Rahman bin Sakhar (d 59 A.H.). "When Almighty Allah created Adam, the father of mankind, and breathed His spirit into him, Adam looked to the right hand side of the empyrean.
There he saw five figures in the form of silhouettes engaged in prostration and genuflection. He asked:
"God, have you created any one from the dust before me?"
"So who are these five figures which I see resembling my own shape and form?"
"These are five of your offspring. If it were not for them, I would have not created you. They are five people whose names are derived from My Own. If it were not for them, I would have not created paradise or hell, the heavens and the earth, the skies and the lands, the angels, the human beings and the jinn. I am "Mahmud" and this Muhammad. I am "Aala" and this is `Ali. I am "Fatir" and this is Fatimah, I am "Ihsan" and this is Hasan. I am "Muhsin" and this is Husayn. By My Glory, whoever bears even an atom's weight of grudge against them will be cast into hell. O Adam! They are My chosen ones. For them, I will save or cast others to perdition. If you want anything from me, you should resort to these five people."
The Holy Prophet (s) said:
"We serve as the ark of salvation. Whoever holds fast to this ark will reach salvation and whoever deviates from it will be cast into perdition. Whoever wants Allah to grant him something should resort to the `ahl al-bayt'."
This tradition has been narrated by Shaykh al-Islam Hamu'i in the first chapter of "Fara'id al-Samtayn" and Khatib Khwarazmi in "Manaqib" 252 (c.f. "al-Ghadir" 300/2). The Ashbah tradition has been narrated by `Allamah Amini in another part of the al-Ghadir" (301/7) quoting Abul-Fath Muhammad bin `Ali al-Natanzi in "Alfaz".
5. Other Traditions About the Virtues and Characteristics of the "Ahl al-Bayt"
A- In the interpretation of the verse
"And enjoin prayer on your household ..." (20:132),
Jalaluddin Siyuti in "al-Durr al-Manthur", has related Ibn Mardawayh, Ibn `Aker, and in al-Najjar as quoting Abu Saeed Khidri as saying that after this verse was revealed, for eight months, the Prophet went to the house of `Ali every morning at the time of morning prayers and read this verse:
"... Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! And to purify you a (thorough) purifying (33:33)."
("Al-Durr al-Manthur" 198/5 and 199; "Fadail al-Khamsah"; 226/1).
Another tradition has it that from the fortieth day after the consummation of the marriage of `Ali (`a) and Fatimah (`a), the Prophet (s) every morning went to their house and said:
"Peace be upon you, O members of the House and the mercy and blessings of Allah. I will fight with whoever fights with you and I will be reconciled with whoever is reconciled with you."
He then recited the "tathir verse". Ibn `Abdul-Bar in "al-isti`ab" 598/2; Abu Dawud Tialisi in "Sahih" 274/8; and Firoozabadi in "Fadail al-Khamsah" 236/1 have put at forty the number of mornings when the Prophet (s) went to the house of `Ali (`a) and Fatimah (`a). In the "Jami al-Bayan" interpretation, Tabari has said that this was done for seven months. Siyuëi (in "Al-Durr al-Manthur", 199) has quoted Ibn `
Abbas as saying that after the verse
"And enjoin prayer on your household ..." (20:132)
was revealed, the Holy Prophet (s) for nine months went to the house of `Ali (`a) five times a day at the time of daily prayers and called on the members of the house to keep up the prayer. Each time, he recited the "tathir verse". This is possible because the Holy Prophet's house was close to that of `Ali (`a). Its door opened inside the mosque. So whenever the Messenger (s) of Allah wanted to go to the mosque, he had to pass the house of `Ali (`a) and Fatimah(a).
In "Al-Mustadrak alal-Sahihayn", Hakim Nishaburi quotes `Abdullah bin Ja'afar bin Talib as saying that when the Messenger (s) of Allah looked to the blessings coming down, he said,
"Call on them."
"O Messenger of Allah, whom should we call upon?"
"The members of my Household: `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn."
They were called upon. Then the Prophet (s) placed his cloak over them and raised both hands and said,
"O Allah, these are the members of my Household. Peace be upon Muhammad and upon the Household of Muhammad."
Almighty Allah revealed the verse,
"... Allah only desires to keep away ... (33:33).
" Hakim Nishaburi said this tradition is an authenticated tradition. The Holy Prophet (s) taught them to send greetings upon his household ("`Ayan al-Shi`ah" 358/1; "Fadail al-Khamsah" 227/1; "Al-Mustadrak" 147/3). Ibn Jurir and Ibn Abi Hatam have quoted
Qutadah as saying that in relation to the verse,
"... Allah only desires to keep away ... (33:33)",
the Prophet (s) stated,
"These are the members of my Household, and Allah has purified them of any uncleanness and granted them His mercy. We serve as the tree of prophethood, the pillar of mission, the place of passage of angels, the house of mercy, and the wealth of knowledge" ("Al-Durr al-Manthur", 198/5-199).
In "Al-Mustadrak al-Sahihayn", Hakim Nishaburi has quoted this authentic tradition from Ibn `Abbas: The Holy Prophet (s) stated,
"Love Allah who gives you food out of his bounty and love me for His love and love the members of my Household because of love for me."
He also relates this tradition which he considers authentic from Abu S`ad Khidri:
"Whoever shows animosity toward us the members of the Household will be cast into the fire." ("A'yan al-Shi`a", 315/1).
D- Hakim Nishaburi in "Al-Mustadrak", 149/3 and Ibn Hajar in "Sawaiq", 140 have related Ibn `Abbas as quoting the Prophet (s) as saying:
"The stars are the source of the earth and the members of my Household are the source of the "ummah" (people)."
Another tradition refers to the same:
"The stars are the refuge for the dwellers of the heavens and my "ahl al-bayt" are the refuge for the "ummah" ("Kanz al-A'mal fi Sunan al-Aqwal wal-Af`al" 116/6).
Another tradition has said:
"the stars are the refuge for the dwellers of the skies. So if the stars are destroyed, the dwellers of the skies will also be destroyed. The members of my Household are the refuge for the dwellers of the earth. If they are destroyed, the dwellers of the earth also be destroyed"
(Muhib Tabari in "Zakhair al-`Uqba", 17/1 and `Ali bin Sultan Muhammad Qari in "Mirqat al-Mafatih" 610/5, Egypt, 1339 A.H.).
Some Sunni `Ulama regard the "tathir verse" pertinent to all kin and relatives of the Holy Prophet (s) including the wives, children, the Bani Hashim and Bani`Adul-Mutallib (Ash'ari in "Maqalat al-Islamin", 9). Based on a tradition narrated from Saeed bin Jubayer, Bukhari, Ibn Abi Hatam, Ibn `Aker, and Ibn Mardawayh have said that this verse has been revealed about the wives of the Prophet (s) and believe that they are the members of the Household of the Messenger (s) of Allah ("Fath al-Qadir", 27/4, Egypt 1350 A.H.).
In addition to the wives of the Holy Prophet (s), Qurtabi and Ibn Kathir consider `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn (peace be upon them all) as members of the Household to whom the "tathir verse" applies. But Tirmidhi, Ibn Jurir, Ibn Manzar, Hakim Nishaburi, and Bayhaqi who are all Sunni `Ulama have referred to the authentic tradition of Ummu Salamah and have thus considered the "tathir verse" applicable to `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn (peace be upon them all).
The Shias have mentioned several reasons and proofs that the "ahl al-bayt" of the Holy Prophet (s) are exclusively `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn to whom the "tathir verse" applies. The most important of these reasons and proofs are:
1. Based on an authentic tradition narrated from Ummu Salamah and Abu Saeed Khidri, the "tathir verse" has been revealed about the Holy Prophet (s), `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn (peace be upon all).
2. In the Kisa' tradition, it has been stipulated that after placing `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn (peace be upon all) under his cloak, the Prophet (s) said: "O Allah, these are the members of my Household." This means that no one else apart from these is viewed as the "ahl al-bayt".
3. In response to Ummu Salama who asked whether she was also a member of the Household, the Prophet (s) said: "You have your own place, you are virtuous." He said no more than this. If Ummu Salama, in whose house the "tathir verse" was revealed, is not a member of the Household of the Holy Prophet (s), the verse will surely not apply to the Messenger's other wives.
4. Some traditions state that based on a request from Ummu Salamah, the Prophet (s) allowed her to come under the cloak but did so after saying, "Allah these are the members of my Household" and reciting the "tathir verse".
5. `Akramah Bariri (d 105 A.H.) and Urwat bin Zubayr (d 93 A.H.) are among the people who have related that the "tathir verse" has been exclusively revealed about the wives of the Prophet (s). Of course, Akramah subscribe to Khawarij ("Al-`a'lam" Zarkali, 42/5) and Urwat ("`Ayan al-Shi`ah", 309/1). Also the pronoun in the said verse is masculine not feminine. Such a narration cannot contrdict the famous tradition related by `Aishah, Ummu Salamah, and Abu Saeed Khidri, who have considered the "ahl al-bayt" to be exclusively five people. They have said that the verses coming before and after the "tathir verse" are related to the wives of the Prophet (s), so this verse should also be relevant to them.
Qur'anic verses are not classified based on the order of their revelation or contents. In addition, Zayd bin Arqam who has related the authenticated Thaqalayn tradition, has stated that the wives of the Holy Prophet (s) are not regarded as the members of his Household).
He was asked:
"Aren't the wives of the Holy Prophet (s) considered as the members of the Household?"
"The wives of the Prophet reside in the Prophet's house but the Prophet's "ahl al-bayt" are those to whom the grant of "sadaqah" is religiously unlawful."
Another tradition has it that Zayd was asked to name the members of the Household of the Holy Prophet (s).
He was asked whether the Prophet's wives were among his "ahl al-bayt".
"No, a wife lives with a husband for a while and then might be divorced and go back to her parents."
6. After citing the "tathir verse", `Ali Qari in the "Annotation to Qazi Ayaz's Shifa" (as related in "`Ayan al-Shi`ah", 309/1) has mentioned that according to a tradition narrated by Ibn `Abbas, the Prophet's "ahl al-bayt" include his wives as well. According to Abu Saeed Khidri and some followers, the "ahl al-bayt" include `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn (peace be upon all). He says:
"There is no problem if we gather these traditions together and consider both groups to be members of the Household of the Holy Prophet (s).
But It would go against the Shia idea that the "tathir verse" applies only to `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn and that they are immaculate . Even the fact that they regard the consensus of Imamiyyah `Ulama as proof to the veracity of thiswould be rejected. Abu Saeed Khidri's tradition only shows that these four are members of the Prophet's Household and does not indicate that no one else is among the "ahl al-bayt".
But Akramah's traditions explicitly quotes Ibn `Abbas as saying that verily the "ahl al-bayt" refers to the wives of the Prophet. On the other hand, Khidir's tradition says that the Prophet said:
"Only these (i.e. `Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husayn) are the Members of my Household."
This indicates exclusive membership. How then can these two traditions be combined? For this reason, the Imamiyyah `Ulama have consensus on following the traditions of the immaculate Imams (peace be upon them all) and the distinguished disciples to the effect that the "ahl al-bayt" of the Prophet (s) are only the five people known as the "Al-e-Aba" and "Ashab Kisa'".
Do you notice, why all the Masooms were so adhered with Imam Husein a.s?
Your adherence towards Husein portrayed to whom and to where you originate from. Mukmin and mukminat were created from the holy soil of Karbala, so never forget to pour your heart with the tears for Imam Husein a.s, and the tears for Zaynab Kubra s.a.
Do you notice, why all the Masooms were so adhered with Imam Husein a.s? And why "Everyday is Ashura and every place is Karbala"? And why it is written on the flag of Imam Mahdi , "Ya Litsaratal Husein?" (O the avenger of Husein).
Verily, the secret of Zuhur (appearance/ in this case- reappearance) is Husein. Please stay, and please forgive all my defections (my English, my time) for insha Allah, I will share with you lot of things originated from the holy tent of Husein!
Amirul Mukminin Ali a.s once said, "If Abu Dzar knew what Salman knows, surely he will kill salman and accuse him as being kafir – for the sake of getting near to Allah."
Therefore, if you steadfast in this journey, surely you will know lot of things and you will know the secret of life and haqiqat (reality, truth) of the world. At that time, when you have different point of view in the way you see things, and your understanding is not the same as others', be prepared to be accused of being …….should I say: deviated?
The star high above cannot be attained by short hands. The holy secret of the world cannot be achieved by those who have only a small Zarfiat. Imam Ali a.s said, "Our matters is difficult and intolerable. Accepted only by Malaikat Muqarrab, Nabi Mursal or the wise mukmin whose faith has been tested by Allah."
Why Imam Husein a.s? The great secret of God lies in Karbala, and can be achieved only by those who have entered into the khemah (tent) of al-Husein a.s. The haqiqat, the truth about ourselves and our lives can lead us to God, "Whoever knows himself knows his God". The haqiqat, the truth about ourselves and our lives is when Imam Sadiq mentioned that every day is Ashura, and every place is Karbala - then, do we have our days and places turned into Ashura and Karbala? If this is still not happening to us, then we have yet to break free from the cocoon that captures us- we see just the darkness and not the reality (haqiqat). Why not, "Lets be butterflies"?
Karbala is a place which Imam Ali a.s once stopped and said, "This is the struggle place of the 'Ushaq (the lovers)." We have became Shia by using our 'aql (logic, mind) but to enter into Husein's tent is not by 'Aql, but rather by 'Ishq (love). The caravan of Husein from Madina, and later Mecca to Kufah was accompanied by thousands of people who acknowledge by their sound minds ('aql) that Husein is the utmost person most capable to lead the nation. But in Karbala, their logic whispered that they will be killed on the very ground. Most of them then were gone by the night of Ashura. Only those who left in the tent were those people who have acknowledged Husein's merit by 'Ishq; not by 'aql. Do enter into the tent of Husein in the form of a butterfly….broke free from the cocoon, and then we'll find that it is only in the tent that everyday is Ashura and every place is Karbala.
The picture of the Sun as being imagined from the inside of the cocoon is not the real Sun. In the cocoon one might think that the sun could be touched by the bare hands, but in real, we cannot even to look at the shine of the Sun with our naked eyes!
That's why, even Abu Dzar's God and Salman's is different! Their makrifat (knowledge) about God is all different. Al-Quran says that the one with knowledge possesses greater rank compared to those who not. To find God is not by using 'aql but is through 'Ishq. Those who died with Husein on the plain of Karbala have met their God on the day of Ashura – even before their martyrdom! Karbala is thursina and those who left in Karbala has met their God by being 'Ashiqin (the lovers).
The secret of Tawhid (monotheism) is in Karbala. The key to meet God is only Karbala. Karbala is Mount Thur. If you want to know God, to see and meet Him, it is only through the secret of Karbala. In the tent of Husein, the secrets will be revealed. But in order to meet Husein, we have first must gain the permission from his mother – Fathimah! And always remember, Karbala is the valley for those who have proclaimed said "Bala" (refer al-A'raaf 7:172)
All knowledge, makrifat, all concepts are just idols - except in the tent of al-Husein,. The sun from within the cocoon is just an imagination, and the God, the infallibles from outside of the tent is also waham (imagination). By then, 'Allah' that we have in our mind and that we believe in our faith is not more than a mere picture puzzle; completed by arranging all the pieces we have created by our own limited knowledge - and God the infinity has been 'conquered' by a mere concept and a concept is forever unreal. The concept has then become an idol, and during that time, we are worshiping the idol of Allah – Not the haqiqat of Allah.
The truth (haqiqat) is only within the khemah (tent) of Husein. However, we cannot enter into the khemah of Husein with the idols within us, we cannot meet God by carrying all the idols at our backs. Thus, break all the idols that we have created regarding Allah, the infallibles, the religion – that's the first step. How…?
It is when Ali is inside you, you will be purified from all those impurity. Bring Ali inside, by the act of tabarra…. No tabarra, no Wilayah.
Of Commiting Sin
According to Allamah Tabaththabaie r.a, ismah or protection of sin is one type of knowledge. It is not merely a miracle or merely a gift. But off course, to one extent ismah is a blessing and a gift. I would say ismah can be of two type – gift and knowledge. About ismah being knowledge, we should now share a knowledge which can motivate us get rid of sinning.
Since Fathimah s.a is the divider or separator between good and evil, then only she able to give permission to who that are allowed and who are not to get into the blessed house of her's. She is the separator of zhulm and evil, she is the protector of Iman and Haq. She is our mother, and she loves us more than our biological mothers do toward us. That's why she sacrificed her holy cheek to be slapped, and her rib to be broken defending al-Haq, which in the later days, we were all benefited form her sacrification. And she should be reason for our good deed, and the reason of our rejection of sinning. I will explain it to you.
Hazrat Fathimah s.a is the filter who distinguishes those who can from those who cannot enter her house to gain the benfit of associating with Maula Ali and Ahlul Bait a.s. If we were selected, insha Allah, the secret of life, of Ahlul Bayt, of amaal become easy for us to accept and to understand. Heart is the most important organ in our body. It is the leader of our every each and single action, the leader of our body, it's the place of Kafir and Iman, munafiq and mukmin. A man's heart - It is actually a house; home and shelter to those you brought inside, and they dwell inside it. Whosoever got the biggest portion inside it, control us. Our heart is (as mentioned earlier) a house and it is actually the house of Nubuwwah, house of Khanum Hazrat Zahra s.a. In one hadith, Imam Sadiq a.s said that Imams are the light the dwell inside our heart. It is only us that didnt realise it.
Ahlul Bayt dwell inside their mother's house - the house of Khanum Hazrat Zahra s.a. Imam a.s said that never think that your heart is small as the world inside our heart is actually so big! To relate to this subject of discussion, let just focus to Imam Sadiq a.s hadith, "Every day is Asyura every place is Karbala." Ghadir, Saqifah, Karbala happened not only during their time, but happened everyday - in our heart, the bigger world. Now, that we have known that our heart is the house of Khanum Hazrat Zahra s.a, so let Hazrat Fathimah to reside inside it. Clean all the unpurified from inside it. Make it the best place for her.
Now come to another important hadith " نحن اصل كل خير و من فروعنا كل بر"We (Ahlul Bayt ) are the base of all good things and all goodness originates of us and Monotheism originates of goodness.وعدونا اصل كل شر و من فروعهم گل قبيح و فاحشة And our enemies are the base of all evils and every obscene and indecent acts originate of them and fornication and backbiting and so on originate of obscene acts."
Beside of the whole hadith itself, please focus to the word "Our enemies are the base of all evils." Who was the biggest enemy of Ahlul Bayt a.s? Yes, who else! Hes the no.1 mastermind behind all the conspiracies against Ahlul Bayt a.s through out time – And yes! Who else if it is not Umar (la)?!
When we still sinning, we are still associating with the enemies of Ahlul Bayt a.s."Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body" (Al-Ahzab, 4) Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib said:"The love of the Ahl ul Bayt can never coexist with allegiance to their enemies, because there are not two hearts in one breast. He who is a friend of our enemies is not our friend, even if he claims to be attached with us, nor do we accept him as our ally and follower."
If we commit sin, means we are associating ourselves with Umar (la), the most viscious enemy of Ahlul Bayt a.s. No way can Hazrat Zahra a.s be inside a house where Umar (la) is residing. The reason I say this is because, if Ahlul Bayt is inside of our hearts, then they will rule our heart to the goodness thus leaves no way for our actions to become wrong; in another word - We wont sin. But if the ruler of our heart is the enemies of Ahlul Bayt a.s, then it will eventually depicted in our bad actions for the enemy of Ahlul Bayt the base of allevils! If we still associate ourselves with Umar (la), we have actually let Umar (la) to act beyond control, slap our holy mother's cheek, and break her holy rib! We have then associated ourselves with Umar (la) expelling her out of her own house and instead, bring Umar (la) in! How can Imam Zaman ajf be among us when the time we are all calling for him is the same time we are backing Umar (la) to slap and hurt his beloved purified mother!? If we sinning, we hurt Ahlul Bayt a.s, thus, we are not their followers.
By now, we should have understood to whom our hearts belong to. The qalb (heart) is the house of the ruler. Imam can only be reached by the power of heart. How many people have the chance to live around Imams but how many of them were truly recognized them the way we (human) supposed to? Imams recognized only by those whose hearts have been tested by Iman (faith) and passed the test. And Allah too, could only be reached via the medium of heart. Therefore, our heart is the 'house of God'. If you want to find God, go find Him 'inside' of his house.
."Why Nabi Ibrahim a.s has destroyed all those idols stored inside the temple of the king but left the biggest one stand still?"
"He that doeth Hasanah (good) shall have ten times as much to his credit: He that doeth evil shall only be recompensed according to his evil: no wrong shall be done unto (any of) them." (al-An'aam 6:169)
Why 10? why not more than ten? Hasanah is Wilayah of Amirul Mukminin Ali (Tafsir Burhan, interpretation of verse 6:169; Amuli Syeikh Saduq, vol.2, p.107), and for those who carry out Wilayah of Ali, he will be given 10 = 10 of Muharram - Ashura. As i told you, the secret of God is in Karbala! If you want to find God, it is only through Karbala.
We understand that Nabi ibrahim has left the biggest idol despite of other idols that he had broke down. A mockery, yes indeed! and as in one dimension, yes its true. At the end Ibrahim has his points proved that human-made-idols has no power not to even defend themselves. . Now let history tells us and the secret revealed to why Hazrat Ibrahim didnt destroy the biggest idol.
As we’ve been discussed earlier, our heart is the blessed house of Hazrat Fathimah s.a, the house of Nubuwwah and so holy that it is also as the house of God. Our heart is sacred, and it is the land - the earth where rain is pouring (our tears) upon, fertilizes it, grows it into a beautiful garden, full of roses and sweet fragrance, butterflies came and dwell around.
Suddenly, the pouring rain stops, the earth became a barren land - scorching hot, becoming less useful, thorny plants started to grow, turning into valley of death…………….
The Sacred land of Mecca was once a barren land. When Prophet Ismael - the great ancestors of Rasulullah (s.a.a.w) came over, the spring of Zam Zam spurt out, birds fly over and people came from all around to this new-created pond, quenching their thirst away. The once barren land is fast becoming the valley of life. Then, sacred house was raised up, and it was raised up by the same man, same hands, who was, in his younger age years previously, had demolished the idols of one of the greatest temple on earth.
Year goes by, day and week and month racing to replace each other. Reputation of this big town of Mecca precedes time. People came from all part of the world to this place, to get the share of rahmat (blessings), and in return, share with the land their loves. They have possessed such a great level in the eyes of God as they are becoming the God’s guess of honour.
Then, propethehood was long forgotten, polytheist taking over. The once revered house of God was then decorated and filled up with multi idols ornaments. The Kaabah which the foundation had been raised up by the hands of the same man who breaks the Idols in the temple of the King, now had been defiled with 360 gods of wood and stone. Had he still still alive then, he would again do the same thing he did in the greatst temple on the earth. But the pagans have taken over the whole valley of god. They valley of monotheist has turned into the valley of polytheist.
In the yar 8 AH, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and His purified Family) went on his journey to conquer Mecca. When His Holiness entered the sacred house, he destroyed all the idols that symbolized deity. The Meccans looked on aghast, Muhammad with strokes of stick held in his holy hand, smashed down the idols which lay in the lower cavities of the walls. The grand idol, Hubal, in particular the idol most treasured by the Meccans, a giant statue; treated as a male deity by the pagans of Makkah was fixed on a high position, beyond reach.
Then the Holy Prophet asked Ali to mount his holy shoulders to reach it and destroy it. Ali then climbed onto the shoulders of the Holy Prophet, stood upon it and pulled the heavy and gigantic Hubal from its high place and knocked it down to the floor where it crashed to pieces. The Prophet then recited: Truth has come and falsehood has been banished and falsehood is certainly doomed to banishment. (Surah Isra 17:81). End of the story.
Man’s heart is sacred, “The heart of Mukmin is the Arsh (Throne) of ar-Rahman.” (al-Hadith). It is the blessed house of Fathimah, and the house of revelation. And just like The Kaabah as the House of God, the heart of Mukmin is the Throne of ar-Rahman. Therefore, the heart of a man is exclusively owned by Him. Unfortunately, just like the House of God (Kaabah), our hearts have been defiled with idols. The idols are the form of desire, lust, hatred, hypocricy…and the biggest idol is Ananiyyah (the act of one loving him/herself and make himself as the biggest priority over all). “Our enemies are the base of all evils.” The enemies of Ahlul Bayt is the foundation of Ananiyyah – (Ananiyyah is among the biggest reason of rejecting the truth). Iblis was looking at his own self in front of Adam, saying “Ana (I) was made of fire..”
Ananiyyah is the biggest problem that we have within ourselves. Imam Khomeini said in one of his book that ananiyyah is the biggest idol in oneself.
If we able to put away ananiyyah within ourselves, then we would meet our Rabb. For those who recognized his own self, he would recognize his Rabb.
And we would meet our Imam.
We can pray, we can fast, we can perform as many deeds as we want, but, just remember, as long as we worship Allah along with idols within our hearts, we are not actually a true monetheist.
Nabi Ibrahim has destroyed all the idols, but left the biggest idol unhurt.
Rasulullah destroyed all the idols on the ground level of Kaabah, but his holliness also left the biggest one untouched.
It is only Only Ali the one who can break the biggest idols. He finished the job left by his great ancestors (Nabi Ibrahim), because only him (Ali) who is able to do it!
Sunni - they accept Rasulullah s.a.a.w but abandon and deny Ali's rights. Whoever abandon Ali, they will never succeed. If one thinking of getting closer to God, one must has never associate God with anything else, thus, on the path of meeting God and our amaal acepted by Him, we must first becoming a true monotheist. Only Ahlul Bayt can bring us towards monotheism, there will no other way - never!
Only the true follower of Ahlul Bayt is the true monotheist as one hadith says: نحن اصل كل خير و من فروعنا كل بر “We (Ahlul Bayt) are the base of all good things and all goodness originates of us and Monotheism originates of goodness.”
(Al-Kafi, Biharul Anwar, Wasilul Syiah, Ta’wil Aayat)
Only through Ali and Ahlul Bayt can a man become a true monotheist. Only them who can dispel all the idols inside of our hearts. The First step is that we must learn to distinguish a friend from an enemy. We must keep our heart a safe place for Ahlul Bayt, away from their enemies.
The problem is, who is Ahlul Bayt? Who are their enemies? Are they the same as to what we have in our mind regarding them? Or is that what actually we are thinking all this while about Ahlul bayt is not actually true? A Fake remedy is indeed a poison. The reason we keep on sinning and dispel Hazrat Mahdi away is because we don’t know about Ahlul Bayt and not recognizing them the right way. Without knowing their rights, we have actually became Ahlul Bayt’s enemies and we have actually became a polytheist.
I have here with me ‘Meshkat’. It contains the secrets of Ahlul Bayt. It is neither an ancient scripture nor a book we can get anywhere in a book shop. It is mentioned in it that the first step is TABARRA (rejecting), then TAWALLA (making friend with). You can not find out who is actually friend when you can’t first recognize the enemy.
عَلِیُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِیمَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْکَانَ عَنْ اَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ نَحْنُ اَصْلُ کُلِّ خَیْرٍ وَ مِنْ فُرُوعِنَا کُلُّ بِرٍّ فَمِنَ الْبِرِّ التَّوْحِیدُ وَ الصَّلَاهُ وَ الصِّیَامُ وَ کَظْمُ الْغَیْظِ وَ الْعَفْوُ عَنِ الْمُسِیءِ وَ رَحْمَهُ الْفَقِیرِ وَ تَعَهُّدُ الْجَارِ وَ الْإِقْرَارُ بِالْفَضْلِ لِاَهْلِهِ وَ عَدُوُّنَا اَصْلُ کُلِّ شَرٍّ وَ مِنْ فُرُوعِهِمْ کُلُّ قَبِیحٍ وَ فَاحِشَهٍ فَمِنْهُمُ الْکَذِبُ وَ الْبُخْلُ وَ النَّمِیمَهُ وَ الْقَطِیعَهُ وَ اَکْلُ الرِّبَا وَ اَکْلُ مَالِ الْیَتِیمِ بِغَیْرِ حَقِّهِ وَ تَعَدِّی الْحُدُودِ الَّتِی اَمَرَ اللَّهُ وَ رُکُوبُ الْفَوَاحِشِ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَ مَا بَطَنَ وَ الزِّنَا وَ السَّرِقَهُ وَ کُلُّ مَا وَافَقَ ذَلِکَ مِنَ الْقَبِیحِ فَکَذَبَ مَنْ زَعَمَ اَنَّهُ مَعَنَا وَ هُوَ مُتَعَلِّقٌ بِفُرُوعِ غَیْرِنَا
“We (Ahlul Bayt) are the base of all good things and all goodness originates of us and Monotheism (tawheed) and Salaat and fast and hajj and enjoining the lawful and forbidding the sinful acts originate of goodness……And our enemies are the base of evils. and every obscene and indecent acts originate of them…..”
الکافی ۸ ۲۴۲ حدیث القباب ..... ص : ۲۳۱
وسایلالشیعه ۲۷ ۷۰ ۷- باب وجوب الرجوع فی جمیع الاحکام
بحارالانوار ۲۴ ۳۰۳ باب ۶۶- انهم الصلاه و الزکاه و الحج
تاویلالآیات ۲۲ مقدمه المولف ..... ص : ۲۰